Before raising a cat, of course, we must first prepare a variety of supplies, the most important of which is the cat’s food. Some people may say: what else can cats eat? Ah, cats are not eating cat food? The history of dry pet food is less than a hundred years old. Before that, cats never knew what “cat food” was!
After living with humans, grains, vegetables, and leftovers became part of their diet. However, at this time, cats were still not purely pets, and they would work hard (catching mice) to get extra food from humans. So, in the past, domestic cats were still able to eat fresh meat regularly. This article mainly lists some common vegetables, fruits, and meats in life. Others not mentioned, welcome to leave comments and add.
Human Foods That Cats Can Safely Eat
Cats are carnivores. They need animal protein and cannot get the necessary protein nutrients from plants. There are also some vitamins and minerals that the cat’s body cannot synthesize, such as vitamin A and vitamin D. Generally speaking, and high-quality cat food will have a balanced ratio of nutrients. Homemade cat food can be supplemented with fruits, vegetables, and meat to add the required nutrients.
Banana: can be eaten, rich in vitamins B6 and C, potassium, and carbohydrates; sliced bananas, fresh or frozen, are fine
Watermelon: cat can eat watermelon, but in limited quantities to help cleanse the intestinal tract; watermelon rind and seeds are harmful.
Strawberries: can be eaten but in limited quantities, although rich in vitamin C, folic acid, potassium, and manganese, as well as antioxidants and fiber. However, feeding large amounts is not recommended. Ensure the stems and leaves (toxic to cats) are removed, washed, and cut into small pieces to prevent choking.
Berries (blueberries, raspberries, cranberries, blackberries, cranberries, etc.): can be eaten, rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, fiber, and vitamins A, C, K and E. Cut into small pieces to prevent choking.
Apple: edible, high in calcium, vitamin C, vitamin K, and pectin in the flesh and high in phytonutrients in the skin; cut into small thin slices or squares with flesh and skin and feed, making sure to remove the stem and seeds (toxic to cats).
Mango: Mango flesh is edible and rich in fiber, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and vitamin A; cut into small squares or thin slices and remove the skin and seeds (toxic to cats).
Pineapple: pulp is edible, rich in fructose, has many vitamins (A, B6, folate, C) and minerals (magnesium and potassium). Be sure to remove the leaves, thorns altogether, and rind (toxic to cats). Fresh, canned pineapple is more recommended (watch out for preservatives).
Cantaloupe: edible, rich in vitamin C, beta-carotene, fiber, and antioxidants; the flesh is peeled and cut into thin slices or small pieces. Cantaloupe smells similar to meat protein and will be loved by cats, and the fruit is relatively low in calories.
Other safe fruits (seeds, stems, cores, peels removed): apricots, cucumbers, kiwis, nectarines, pears.
Other safe vegetables (seeds, stems, cores, peels removed): artichokes, asparagus (steamed), beans, broccoli (cooked), string beans (cooked), cabbage, carrots (steamed, roasted), zucchini (boiled), cauliflower, celery, coconut, eggplant, ginger, green beans, lettuce, spinach, olives, peas, peppers, squash, sweet potatoes, shoot squash.
Tuna: Cat can’t eat a lot of it. Cats love tuna, but you should avoid consistently feeding your cat only tuna, and you should not feed your cat tuna in large quantities. Tuna is very high in unsaturated fat, which is good for humans but not so important for cats. Too much-unsaturated fat in a cat’s diet can lead to vitamin E deficiency and inflammation of the adipose tissue.
Salmon: Although raw fish for cats is not advocated, fresh salmon is the exception. It contains Omega 3, which is helpful for both heart disease a system in cats. The rich oil also helps the fur to be smooth and soft. Remember to pick the prick out of the fish first.
Chicken breast: Chicken is a favorite meat for many cats, and the muscle content has high-quality animal protein. When preparing, do not add salt so as not to burden the cat’s kidneys.
Beef: Beef is rich in protein, trace elements, and amino acids. Directions: Do not add any seasoning! Just steam it or boil it and cut it into small pieces for feeding.
Unsalted cheese: Cheese, also called cheese, cheese ~ contains protein and calcium. The rich flavor cats also like very much. Also, observe your cat for adverse reactions to dairy products! Choose unsalted cheese to avoid excessive sodium intake by cats.
Unflavored yogurt: contains calcium with vitamin B complex, and most of the lactose is converted into lactic acid. It is safe for cats. Be careful to choose plain yogurt with no additives and no flavoring.
Harmful Foods for Cats
Raw eggs: Cat cannot eat raw eggs. There are two problems with giving raw eggs to cats. The first is that bacteria such as salmonella or E. coli may cause food poisoning. The second is the rare problem that unprocessed egg whites contain a protein called avidin, which interferes with the absorption of B vitamins. This can lead to skin problems.
Fruit fudge snacks: Not allowed because they are made from fruit juice concentrate, do not contain fruit fiber, and some have more sugar than candy, which is incredibly unhealthy for cats.
Most seeds, stems, kernels, peels, and roots are toxic to cats: for example, the seeds, leaves, and stems of apples, plums, peaches, cherries, and apricots contain cyanide, which is more toxic during decay and wilting, and accidental ingestion can cause dilated pupils, respiratory distress and shock. The seeds of persimmons can cause intestinal obstruction and enteritis in cats.
Grapes: Highly toxic. Grapes are as lethal to cats as kryptonite is to Superman. Even a tiny amount of grapes may cause serious digestive problems, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, and even acute renal failure.
Mayonnaise: It is not recommended to feed cat mayonnaise, you may find mayonnaise with additives.
Poppy peaches: too high in potassium, cats can easily lead to acute kidney failure if they overeat.
Oranges, lemons, grapefruit, limes: Cats can’t eat oranges. Citrus fruits contain citrus oils and psoralen, which may cause digestive irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, solar dermatitis, and even central nervous system depression if mistakenly consumed. Most meowers do not like the smell of citrus fruits and will avoid them when they smell them.
Avocado: contains an acid that cats cannot metabolize on their own, and accidental ingestion can lead to vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress, and other symptoms, and in severe cases, death.
Raw potatoes, green tomatoes, eggplant: Raw eggplant contains a glycoside alkaloid – lobotoxin, the same toxin contained in long sprouted potatoes, which can cause gastrointestinal discomfort in cats. Cooked eggplant, if cats eat without gastrointestinal reactions, can be consumed in small quantities. In addition, potatoes have a high starch content and are prone to indigestion and diarrhea if eaten in excess.
Mushrooms: Mushrooms may lead to poisoning, respectively: liver damage type, neuropsychiatric type, hemolytic type, and gastroenteritis type.
Milk and other dairy products: cannot be eaten. Most cats are lactose intolerant. Their digestive system cannot handle dairy products, and as a result, they may have diarrhea due to indigestion. There is now lactose-free milk, which contains lactase, an enzyme that breaks down lactose and is suitable for lactose-intolerant people or cats. This kind of milk, then, can be given to cats.
Onions, garlic, leeks: Not allowed. Onions in all forms – powdered, raw, cooked, or dehydrated – can break down a cat’s red blood cells and cause anemia. This is true even of the powdered onions found in some baby foods. Occasional small doses may not be harmful. However, large amounts at one time or in small regular quantities may lead to onion poisoning. Along with onions, garlic and leeks can cause gastrointestinal distress.
Alcohol, Wine: Beer, wine, alcoholic foods – none of these are suitable for your cat. This is because alcohol affects your cat’s liver and brain in the same way as it does in humans. If your cat drinks alcohol, it can also cause several severe symptoms:
- Digestive distress
- Difficulty breathing
Just two teaspoons of whiskey can put a 5-pound cat into a coma, and another teaspoon can kill it.
Coffee: No. Excessive caffeine is fatal to cats. There is no antidote. Symptoms of caffeine poisoning include
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid heartbeat
- Muscle tremors
In addition to tea and coffee (both beans and coffee grounds), caffeine is found in stimulant beverages such as cocoa, chocolate, cola, and Red Bull. It is also found in some cold remedies and painkillers.
Chocolate: Not to be eaten. Chocolate can be deadly to cats. Although most cats will not eat it on their own, their owners and others who think they are giving it to their cats will coax them to eat it. The toxic substance in chocolate is theobromine. It is found in all kinds of chocolate, even white chocolate. The most dangerous are dark chocolate and unsweetened baking chocolate. Eating chocolate can cause heart arrhythmias, tremors, seizures, and death.
Precautions for Feeding Fruits and Vegetables
- Limit the intake of fruits and vegetables to 2% of the diet.
- Offer them as fresh or frozen food and should be taken separately from regular pet food.
- They can be cut into small pieces to avoid choking and suffocation.
- It is best to use fruit as an alternative to snacks for cats, especially if weight loss is required.
- High sugar fruits are not suit for diabetic cats.
- Different cats have different body types and digestive abilities for fruits and vegetables and may show signs of indigestion, such as vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation.
Can Cats Eat Raw Meat?
Cats can eat raw meat, but they should be careful not to have too many portions, and they should make sure it is clean and fresh. If you give your cat raw meat regularly, it is essential to deworm it regularly to avoid too many parasites to prevent it from growing better. There are many deworming medications on the market today. It is best to choose the one for cats and pay attention to the quantity when eating, not too much, to not have the opposite effect and cause harm to the cat. If the cat is not finished eating for half an hour, then it should be discarded directly, after all, raw meat can quickly deteriorate. It can not be put there with the cat food, especially in the summer should be more careful, if the deterioration of the cat may eat after gastroenteritis.