Can Dogs Eat Broccoli?

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Dogs can eat broccoli. It is suitable for your dog’s health to feed the vegetable properly. Still, owners need to cook the broccoli before feeding it to their dogs, without adding seasoning and paying attention to the amount. In addition, in addition to broccoli, owners can also provide their dog’s carrots, lotus white, cabbage, bell peppers, bananas, watermelon, blueberries, apples, chicken, fish, lamb, and other foods.

Dogs are omnivores, which means they can benefit from a diet that includes plants and meat. Vegetables are high in fiber and nutrients and low in fat, so they can be very healthy for dogs as long as no fats or flavorings are added. However, certain vegetables (including broccoli) contain compounds that can cause gastrointestinal disorders in dogs.

What is Broccoli?

Broccoli is the king of healthy vegetables with high nutrition and low-calorie content. It is rich in dietary fiber, carotene, protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, and the antioxidant isothiocyanate compound. In addition, it is claimed to have anti-aging and cancer prevention effects, so it has become a “long-lasting” dish on most family tables! It is also one of the foods that contain the most flavonoids, making it highly valuable for food and health.

About Cancer Prevention

Broccoli is rich in carotenoids, which can be converted into vitamin A after entering the body. It can organize and inhibit the reproduction of cancer cells so that normal tissues can resume their functions.

With the synergistic effect of VC and VE, Vitamin A can make the cancer-causing chemical oxidants in the body ineffective, thus playing a role in cancer prevention. Vitamin C promotes the growth of fibrous tissues, forming a dense network around tumors to prevent them from spreading.

Researchers say that broccoli is an excellent food source of carotenoid, a natural anti-cancer compound. Its black mustard enzyme is critical to the anti-cancer effects of carotenoid, which can reduce the incidence of rectal cancer when consumed over time.

As a healthy and delicious quality ingredient, broccoli is great nutritional value to people and dogs. Studies have shown that feeding broccoli to dogs in moderation can benefit their health.

The Main Benefits of Broccoli for Dogs

Improve dogs’ gastrointestinal function

Broccoli enhances the sense of satiety while promoting gastrointestinal peristalsis, adsorption of harmful substances in the gastrointestinal discharge, improving intestinal flora, protect the digestive tract, thus making the dog’s gastrointestinal healthier.

Control blood sugar and cholesterol levels

Soluble fiber slows down digestion and rapidly excretes cholesterol, so that blood sugar and cholesterol levels in the blood can be controlled within the ideal range. Secondly, the flavonoid compounds in broccoli can prevent infection, are the best vascular cleaners, stop cholesterol oxidation, prevent platelets from clumping together, reduce thrombosis, and have a specific protective effect on the dog’s cardiovascular.

Enhance the immunity of dogs

Vitamins are a class of organic substances necessary to maintain the normal metabolism of dogs. However, the need is minimal but responsible for regulating physiological functions’ critical role. For dogs, most vitamins must be obtained from the diet.

Broccoli is rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin K, B1, B2, etc. These vitamins are antioxidant components, and some are closely related to the body’s blood clotting function, which is very helpful to improve the dog’s immunity.

In addition, broccoli is also rich in magnesium, sodium, iron, phosphorus, chromium, potassium, manganese, and other mineral trace elements. These components are vital to the dog’s nervous system, immune system, and cardiovascular health.

The Dangers of Broccoli for Dogs

The adverse effects of broccoli on dogs are reflected in the negative consequences caused by excessive consumption, mainly for the following two reasons.

  1. Broccoli is rich in isothiocyanates. The appropriate concentration of isothiocyanate solution has the effect of improving the body’s immune system, enhancing antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, and anti-cancer ability. Still, its high concentration (overconsumption) will release the toxic components of thiocyanate, which is detrimental to dogs’ health.
  2. Broccoli is rich in a variety of fibers. Fiber is not easy to digest. Excessive consumption may cause stomach bloating, stomach pain, and vomiting acid phenomenon.

Generally, 5%-10% of the daily diet is most appropriate to control the intake.

How to Feed Broccoli to Your Dog?

First Experience with Broccoli

If it is your dog’s first time eating broccoli, keep an eye on your dog for a few hours after eating. If your dog experiences stomach upset or allergies, seek medical attention and avoid choosing broccoli for subsequent feedings.

Do not feed raw broccoli

Raw broccoli may cause some active ingredients to fail after cooking, such as vitamins being broken down by high temperatures. Also, since raw broccoli is crisper and more watery, some dogs may prefer the taste of raw broccoli and disdain-cooked broccoli.

However, since raw broccoli may have pesticide, fertilizer, and specific germ residues on its surface and may cause digestive problems in puppies, it is better not to feed it as much as possible.

Cooking Method

Steaming is the best way to minimize the loss of nutrients, usually 20 minutes or 3 minutes in the microwave until the broccoli is tender. Boiling broccoli for 3 minutes is recommended. Some nutrients are lost during boiling, such as thiamin, riboflavin, and vitamin C. However, it also increases the level of carotenoids, tocopherols, and lutein and enhances the ability of broccoli to bind bile acids, thus improving its ability to lower cholesterol. It is best when broccoli is cooked and mixed with other foods before feeding it to your dog.

How Much Broccoli to Feed My Dog?

If you decide to feed your dog broccoli, be sure to start with a small amount, as no one knows if your dog will be allergic to broccoli. After a short trial period of four hours without any abnormalities, start feeding usually. If you notice symptoms such as gastrointestinal upset or redness on your dog, stop feeding immediately.

The most specific number to follow when feeding any new food to your dog is ten percent. Dogs should get no more than 10% of their daily calorie needs from fruits, vegetables, or snacks.

Dogs also really like to eat broccoli. Not only is it healthy, but it also cleans their teeth, especially the root part in the middle of the broccoli, which they like to chew on. If you keep a close eye on your dog’s dietary health, then you can offer your fur baby a little broccoli now and then.

Broccoli with Homemade Dog Food

Raw materials: broccoli half, a carrot, a small number of cabbage leaves, a potato, beef, a little olive oil, two eggs, a little cornmeal white flour mix (according to the amount of dog food to adjust the number of ingredients)


  1. Beef cut into pieces, carrots cut into pieces, boiled together, cooked and chopped, and set aside.
  2. Wash the broccoli and steam it quickly for about 20 minutes underwater. Then take out the chopped and set aside.
  3. Potatoes steamed, chopped, and set aside. Steamed cabbage, then squeezed the water and set aside.
  4. Mix all the above ingredients, beat two eggs, add cornmeal and white flour mixture, drizzle a little olive oil and mix well.

And knead all the mixture into a ball shape and then put it into the oven at 180 degrees and bake it for about 20 minutes.

Final Thoughts

Xi’an florets are rich in vegetable protein and coarse fiber. Dogs can undoubtedly eat broccoli, but they should not eat broccoli as their primary food. As one of the most used foods for human weight loss, broccoli is ordinary in energy and rich in fiber. Feeding your dog only broccoli for a long time will cause your dog’s body fat percentage to drop. Otherwise, it will cause malnutrition, lower blood sugar, or anemia.

It is recommended that you do not feed broccoli alone, but with other ingredients, dogs will like it more, and it will be more nutritious. On the other hand, we are not going to discuss whether broccoli can prevent cancer in dogs because of the lack of data support for the time being. If you have any thoughts on this point, please feel free to comment to discuss.

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